The eagerly anticipated housing-rescue bill, also known as The American Housing Rescue and Foreclosure Prevention Act of 2008 (H.R. 3221), is intended to calm the mortgage market, the real estate market, homeowners on the verge of bankruptcy and foreclosure, victims of bank failures and others whose lives are topsy-turvy this year.
These are highlights of portions of the bill. To view the entire text of H.R. 3221, click here: H.R. 3221:
1. Effective Jan. 1, 2009, FHA required down payment for buyers will increase from current 3 percent to 3.5 percent (cash, acceptable gift or government financing.)
2. Elimination of Seller-Funded Down Payment Assistance Programs with FHA loans, effective October 1, 2008.
3. Elimination of FHA risk based pricing for case numbers ordered on or after October 15, 2008.
4. Streamlines FHA condo approval provisions.
5. Provides $7,500 tax credit for first-time homebuyers on homes purchased between April 11, 2008 and July 1, 2009. A taxpayer is considered a first-time homebuyer if he (or spouse, if married) had no ownership interest in a principal residence during the 3 year period before the purchase of the home to which the credit applies. The Act provides eligible first-time homebuyers a refundable tax credit equal to the lesser of 10% of the purchase price of a principal residence or $7,500 ($3,750 for married individuals filing separately). The credit phases out for individual taxpayers with modified adjusted gross income between $75,000 and $95,000 ($150,000-$170,000 for joint filers) for the year of the purchase.
6. New regulator for Fannie and Freddie with much broader authority.
7. Effective Jan. 1, 2009, FHA and Fannie/Freddie loan limit would change to lesser of 115% of median home price or $625,000 when the current temporary limits established in March will expire on Dec. 31, 2008. Fannie/Freddie floor would remain at $417,000 and FHA floor would remain at current floor.
From a tax perspective, the bill is more than likely to cause more upset than calm. TaxMama.com Eva Rosenburg contributed the following article on WSJ Market Watch…
The Hidden Tax Traps in the Housing-Rescue Bill
Here is a look at five areas where tax law was changed along with housing law, and the good news and bad news that goes along with each:
1. Tax credit for new homeowners
First, we have a $7,500 credit for new homeowners that’s not really a credit. It’s a loan. Those who qualify to receive this credit will receive 10% of the purchase price of their home — up to $7,500, in the first year. Then they will repay the loan over a 15-year period, starting in the second year after the taxable year in which the house is purchased.
In other words, if you bought a home in August 2008, you start paying back 6.667% of the original credit on your 2010 tax return. This credit applies to purchases of new homes on or after April 9, 2008 and before July 1, 2009.
The good news:
• This is a refundable credit. That means, even if your total tax liability is zero, you can file to get this money directly from IRS.
• Although this is a loan, it’s a zero-percent loan.
• Bonus: If you buy the home in 2009, before July 1, 2009, you can make an election to report the purchase on your 2008 tax return and get the refund a year early.
The bad news:
• Mark Luscombe, principal tax analyst for CCH, a Wolters Kluwer business, points out that people who normally don’t have to file tax returns will need to start filing tax returns just to pay the credit back. That will affect seniors living on modest fixed incomes and Social Security.
• If you forget to pay it back? Well, the bill doesn’t include any specific penalties. But all of IRS’s usual non-filing and non-payment penalties will apply. Expect IRS computers to track this and to issue notices for unfilled returns.
• If you sell the house in less than 15 years, you will have to repay the rest of the credit immediately. This requirement is waived if the owner dies. There are special provisions when the house is sold due to divorces or other emergencies.
• This is a temporary credit and may not be renewed once it expires on June 30, 2009.
• The credit phases out for married folks, filing jointly, with modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) between $150,000- $170,000. For singles, the phase-out is at MAGI between $75,000-$95,000.
Who qualifies? Folks who haven’t owned a principal residence for three years before buying the new home. If you’ve owned a vacation home or timeshare, you will still qualify.
In long-distance marriages each spouse may buy his/her own home (principal residence). They will have to split the credit between them.
2. New standard deduction rules
We have a new standard deduction — in addition to the old standard deduction — for real property taxes paid. This is designed for folks whose overall itemized deductions fall below the standard deduction. Married couples, filing jointly, may now deduct qualified real property taxes paid up to $1,000 ($500 for singles and married filing separately).
“Qualified” refers to real property taxes you could have deducted on Schedule A if you had been able to itemize. Naturally, property taxes used on other parts of your tax return, like Schedule E, Schedule C, Schedule F, or office in home can’t be used again here.
Luscombe points out that generally when Congress gives us these extra deductions, they are “above the line” deductions, like education expenses, student-loan interest and teacher expenses.
This is effective in 2008. And there are no AGI limits to this benefit.
3. Vacation-home hit
We’ve been taking for granted that lovely $250,000 ($500,000 for couples filing jointly) personal residence capital-gains-tax exclusion for about a decade. Savvy taxpayers have played hopscotch, moving from home to vacation home to the next home, etc. and avoiding income taxes on the sale of each one. That free ride is at an end.
The personal resident exclusion is still good on your personal home. However, you’ll be paying taxes on the sale of your vacation home, or rental property converted to a home. The tax will be based on the amount of days the house was not a qualified personal residence divided by the total number of days you owned it. This ratio is multiplied by the amount of gain realized on the sale of the property.
Gain resulting from depreciation taken on the property after May 6, 1997 won’t be included in this computation. That gain will still be taxed separately as ordinary income.
The good news:
• This won’t affect any sales you make this year since the law becomes effective on Jan. 1, 2009
• The ownership period to take into account as the numerator for nonqualified use also starts on Jan. 1, 2009.
Snowbirds, folks who typically summer in their principal residences up north and spend winter in their vacation homes in the south will have to wait until IRS writes up regulations interpreting the new law. It’s not clear if their temporary absences will be considered a period of nonqualified use.
The new law defines unqualified use as:
• any period after the last date the property is used as the principal residence of the taxpayer or spouse (regardless of use during that period), and
• any period (not to exceed two years) that the taxpayer is temporarily absent by reason of a change in place of employment, health, or, to the extent provided in regulations, unforeseen circumstances, are not taken into account.
4. Tighter tracking of payments
In a b
low to eBay merchants and others accepting credit cards, debit cards, or third-party payments, your merchant bank will now be required to send a report to IRS and to you with your total annual gross payment card receipts. In other words, IRS will get your total merchant credit card gross receipts for the year.
The good news:
• For merchants who had always meant to catch up on bookkeeping, you will now get a report summarizing all the money you received.
• This won’t be effective until Jan. 1, 2011.
• There will be an exemption for business with 200 or fewer transactions generating sales of $20,000 or less.
The bad news:
• Like most bank reports that add up total deposits, it will be wrong. After all, there were credits you issued, and refunds that won’t be reflected in the total gross receipts. Be sure to reduce the total income on that report by all the costs and fees you had too.
• In the past, when IRS wanted to get information from banks and merchant accounts, it required going to a judge and getting a subpoena. With this new law in place, IRS can now step in and audit at any time — with a little or no notice, depending on the urgency of the circumstances, explains Luscombe.
5. Miscellaneous provisions
Some other juicy tidbits tossed our way include:
• Tax exempt interest on certain mortgage bonds will no longer be an alternative minimum tax preference.
• Low-income-housing credits and rehabilitation credits may now reduce AMT.
• Bonds backed by FHA are eligible for treatment as tax-exempt bonds.
Many of the provisions of this law won’t become effective until next year. Some
won’t be effective for several years.
But the provisions for converting your vacation home to a personal residence are becoming effective soon. So, if you’ve got a second house you want to sell tax-free in the next year or two — move into it before the end of this year.
Any questions? Give me a holler.